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by Kamal Pratap Singh
Darwin’s theory of evolution is the basis of basis to perform most of the Biotechnology experiments in a research lab. It says that evolution has taken place by natural selection of characters that are superior in a population, placing origin of life to a common ancestor. According to Lamarck, evolution has taken place through the inheritance of acquired Characters. While several other theories postulated that either God created (Theory of Supernatural creation) the organisms or life came from some other place on earth (Theory of Extraterrestrial origin).
There are numerous evidences from the study of Genetics, Molecular biology and other interdisciplinary fields that Darwin’s theory is applicable to all living beings. From viruses to most advanced human species, scientists are studying conserved DNA sequences between the organisms to perform genetic experiments. But according to recent controversy created by our education minister Dr. Satyapal Singh, Darwin’s theory is wrong because no one has seen man evolved from ape, which in turn let us to assume that human gave rise to human. Now, again he brought up the question of who came first ‘’egg or chicken’’.
It is difficult to predict how and why Dr. Satyapal Singh concluded that Darwin is wrong but the statement is not looking auspicious to the scientific community. The comment is also not conducive to science fraternity because so many scientists in biotechnology and Life Sciences all over the world are doing research following Darwin’s concept. In this way the statement of Education minister made Indian Life scientific community furious because Indian scientists are trying hard to meet global standards in Scientific research and feeling aghast by this non-scientific comment. The science people particularly of Life Sciences showed great anger and started a petition ‘’Sack Satyapal Singh’’ against the statement which can be seen at https://www.change.org/p/prime-minister-of-india-sack-satyapal-singh.
Indian scientists presume Union minister Dr. Satya Pal Singh’s remark that Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution was “scientifically wrong”, “overly simplistic”, “misleading” and without any “scientific basis.”
Concepts in support of Darwinism
Darwin’s theory though just a theory and not evidence, is the most acceptable theory of evolution among Life scientists because of the following reasons:
Darwinism in concept of origin of life
Till date, no man in this world is able to explain the origin of life on earth. What we read and hear are all theories. Darwin is one of them and place human ancestry to either bacteria or virus if we consider RNA hypothesis. Theory tells us that we i.e. human the most advanced race of living beings simply evolved from our past relative i.e. apes and apes were evolved from some other species. The process goes on until a superior species selected by natural selection and become abundant in population. Opposing Darwin’s view will push us to think that all species existing on earth were originated as such and no evolution has taken place.
Darwinism in lab’s Model organism
If Darwin is wrong then we should stop using model organisms in lab to find solutions for human. E.coli, Dictyostelium, Rat, monkey, Chimpanzee they all are model organism and sacrificing their life because human thinks that we have some shared similar genetic and biochemical architecture and thus information from model organism’s biological systems can be used to find out solutions for human. Restriction enzymes (RE) system, Primers, proteins are all molecules we search between organisms. So depending on RE enzyme, it works in same way in E.coli, chimpanzee and human as long as their recognition sequence is present. This is also the basis of many discoveries and advancement of medical field. Therefore denying Darwinism is denying conservation of biological complexities.
Darwinism in Medicines
Today discovery of every medicine is somehow dependent on genetic experiments, the most advance concept of personalized medicine is a proof of this statement. For the clinical discovery of any medicine, scientists go from lower organisms to higher organisms in hierarchy i.e. initial research on model organisms like bacteria and mice to Rhesus monkey, Chimpanzee and Gorilla and then ultimately the medicine/drug validated in these model organisms goes to human trial (see more in concept of clinical research). All this process is just because Scientists believes that biological systems are somehow related or conserved between these organisms, which in turn save human life by not becoming subject of deadly trials at first instances.
Darwinism in Palaeontology
Palaeontology is the study of fossil and is a major proof of Darwinism. It helped us to create different Phylogenies based on the structural and molecular similarities and differences.
Since no one has seen evolution taking place so we cannot say how the man came but Dr. Satyapal Singh has created hot topic for discussion in Indian Science community. He also envisage to gather global scientific community on a single platform to discuss the matter.
Recently, Union human resource development minister Prakash Javadekar on Tuesday said he had asked his minister of state Satyapal Singh to refrain from making comments on issues such as Darwin’s evolution theory. Intervening in the row over the remarks, Javadekar said there are no plans for a national seminar to prove Darwin wrong.
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(Last date: 19/03/2018 )